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New Geographies of the Atlantic, 19-20th centuries

The Editors of The Annals of the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi. An Interdisciplinary Journal of Economics, History and Political Science are calling for proposals for a monographic issue on New Geographies of the Atlantic, 19-20th centuries, to be published in 2020.

In the last three decades, scholars working in the field of Atlantic history have demonstrated the explanatory power of this geographic region as a unit of analysis. Restoring the connections and exchanges between Africans, Europeans, and American Indians, Atlantic perspectives have deepened our understanding of transformations over a period of several centuries, casted old problems in an entirely new light, and illuminated connections hitherto obscured. More importantly, privileging a history beyond national or imperial borders, Atlantic history has broken down not only old regional barriers and paradigms, but also modes of analysis based on modern cultural and political hierarchies. In this light Euro-American relations, once seen as the core of “Western civilization”, are reconsidered as part of a wider, multicentered transnational space.  

The coherence of the Atlantic does not mean however that the region was hermetically sealed off the rest of the world. Since 1492 the Atlantic space had been drawn into global ties that intensified in the 19th century thanks to three major developments: (1) revolutions and independences in the Americas, (2) the end of the Atlantic slave trade, (3) the expanded European colonization of Africa, (4) the transportation revolution and its impact on the circulation of people, goods, and ideas across the Atlantic basin. Even though the region is no more characterized by the coherence of the previous centuries, these developments configure the Atlantic as an important laboratory within which to examine regional and global transformations. After the revolutions, the end of the transatlantic slave trade, and the expansion of European colonization in Africa, the encounters among Europeans, Native Americans, and Africans have not ceased, but they had been fundamentally transformed.

Drawing on these findings and considering the limited impact that the Atlantic history is still having in certain European countries, this thematic dossier intends to focus on the new or alternative geographies that the Atlantic paradigm has created in the 19th and 20th centuries. With the term “new geographies” we refer to specific or discrete spaces that, thanks to this approach, have gained a new political and social place in the Atlantic or global context, such as Saint-Domingue/Haiti during the Age of Revolutions and the 19th-century emancipation process. We also refer to commercial routes or markets that had been consolidated after the Atlantic revolutions or the end of the transatlantic slave trade and that eventually opened up new global connections.

In particular, this call invites scholars to propose papers that reflect on the following themes or lines of inquiry:

-      Atlantic connections after the collapse of transatlantic empires;
-      the transformation of the Atlantic space and the creation of global connections;
-      the emergence of new political and commercial Atlantic networks;
-      the role of technology and infrastructures (steamship, canals, cables etc.) in re-shaping the Atlantic space;
-      the impact of the emergence of the Atlantic space on other world-regions (the Mediterranean, the Indian Ocean, etc.);
-      the emergence in the XX Century of an Atlantic economic, political, and strategic space, and the contextual formation of new Atlantic networks and elites.

Submission procedure
If interested, please submit an abstract (300 words, 3 to 5 keywords) by February 15, 2019, to editors@annalsfondazioneluigieinaudi.it

The abstracts will be reviewed by the editors of this special issue, namely Mario Del Pero (SciencesPo, member of the Editorial Board of The Annals), Marco Mariano (Università di Torino), and Federica Morelli (Università di Torino). Authors will be notified of the review results by February 20, 2019.

The special issue will include around approximately 6 contributions which will be selected by the editors through peer review procedure. Final papers (about 8000 words) will be due on June 30, 2019. Please note that the acceptance of abstracts does not necessarily imply the acceptance of the paper for the special issue.

For further information (including aim and scope), please visit the Journal’s website.



Building a European Research Policy. Science and “Europeanization” after WW2

The editors of the new international journal The Annals of the Fondazione Luigi Einaudi. An Interdisciplinary Journal of Economics, History and Political Science are calling for proposals for a monographic issue on Building a European Research Policy. Science and “Europeanization” After WW2, to be published in 2019.

The issue will be prepared by Francesco Cassata (University of Genoa, editor of The Annals) and Sara Lorenzini (University of Trento, member of the Editorial Board of The Annals). It will include 8-10 papers.

The issue intends to explore the role of basic science as crucial engine of post-war European integration.

According to Kiran Klaus Patel and Ulrike von Hirschhausen, “Europeanization” has to be conceived as “a variety of political, social, economic and cultural processes that promote (or modify) a sustainable strengthening of intra-European connections and similarities through acts of emulation, exchange and entanglement and that have been experienced and labelled as ‘European’ in the course of history”. Europeanization is, therefore, not a uniform, unidirectional and teleological process, but rather “a category of practice which has been projected and performed, experienced and exported, labelled and legitimised, appropriated and emulated in a range of contexts” (Hirschausen and Patel, 2010).

Adopting a similar social constructivist approach, Johan Schot and Thomas Misa focus on how “actors design and use technology to constitute and enact European integration (or fragmentation)”. They see technology as a set of Europe-building practices “in which specific concepts and visions of Europe became embedded in particular designs for artefacts and systems” (Misa and Schot, 2005). Technology in this context serves as a grid to interpret Europe in action. Two international research projects by Schot and collaborators, one on Inventing Europe and another one on the Tensions of Europe (http://www.tensionsofeurope.eu/), have demonstrated not only the importance of this approach but also the potential for its extension to neighbouring fields. 

Methodologically, this monographic issue aims to bridge the gap between history of science and social constructivist perspectives of this king in the history of European integration. Typically, successful examples of integration through science include transport and energy infrastructures, or big technological projects like Airbus. However, integration as process involves some scientific fields ranging from biology to medicine, from cybernetics to environmental sciences - with their networks of scientists, fellowships, laboratories, practices, technologies, etc. This special issue claims that scientists and their networks should be considered as crucial agents of change within the contested processes of creating a unified European scientific and cultural space.

Possible topics include, but are not limited to:

-          Scientific networks and agencies as drivers of the process of “Europeanization”;
-          Histories of EURATOM, EMBO, ESA, etc.;
-          The role of Western European institutions (OEEC/OECD; Council of Europe; NATO) in promoting research in Europe;
-          Historical developments of the EEC/EC/EU research policy;
-          Science diplomacy and "Europeanization;"
-          Interactions and tensions between research policies of member States and the construction of a common European research policy;
-          Scientists and environment protection in Europe;
-          Exporting a “European model” of scientific research. European think-tanks in a globalised world.

The special issue will include 8-10 contributions in the form of papers (8000 words) which will be selected by the editors through peer review procedure.

If interested, please send your abstract (300 words, 6 to 8 keywords) by June 1, 2018


editors@annalsfondazioneluigieinaudi.it, francesco.cassata@unige.it and sara.lorenzini@unitn.it.

Final papers will be due on December 30, 2018.