President White Professor of History and Political Science, former chair of the Department of Government, and former director of the Judith Reppy Institute for Peace and Conflict Studies. His research focuses on international humanitarian law and ethics, separatist movements, gender, nationalism and conflict, and, most recently, Italy during World War II, with emphasis on the impact on civilians of the Allied air campaign. Author of Gender, Nationalism, and War: Conflict on the Movie Screen (2011); Law, Ethics, and the War on Terror (2008); The Chechen Wars: Will Russia Go the Way of the Soviet Union? (2002); Unarmed Forces: The Transnational Movement to End the Cold War (1999); and Innovation and the Arms Race (1988); editor or co-editor of, among others, The American Way of Bombing: Changing Ethical and Legal Norms and Flying Fortresses to Drones (2014); Do the Geneva Conventions Matter? (2017); Italy from Crisis to Crisis: Political Economy, Security, and Society in the 21st Century (2018); and Randall Forsberg’s Toward a Theory of Peace: The Role of Moral Beliefs (2019).